Geography at Hermitage
The National Curriculum tells us
'A high quality geography education should inspire in pupils curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. Teaching should equip pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth's key physical and human processes. As pupils progress, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and the formation and use of landscapes and environments. Geographical knowledge, understanding and skills provide the frameworks and approaches that explain how the Earth's features at different scales are shaped, interconnected and change over time.'
All children are taught skills knowledge and understanding in the four areas of geographical study:
- Locational Knowledge
- Place Knowledge
- Human and Physical geography
- Geographical skills and fieldwork
Key Stage One
- Children name and locate the continents and main oceans of the world, they locate and name the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom as well as its surrounding seas.
- They contrast similarities and differences by studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom and a small area in a contrasting non-European country.
- Children learn to identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and also about hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the equator and the poles. They also learn to use correct vocabulary to describe key physical features such as: beach, cliff, forest, mountain etc. as well as key human features such as: village, farm, factory, house, harbour etc.
- Children begin to learn how to use maps, atlases and globes and also to develop location and direction vocabulary such as north, south, east and west.
Key Stage Two
- Children are taught to use maps to locate the world's countries, to focus on Europe and also North and South America. When studying the UK, children learn to locate and name counties and cities and to identify key topographical features, land use patterns and changes over time. In these areas they learn about key physical and human features, countries and major cities. Children learn to identify the position and significance of longitude, latitude, Hemisphere, Equator, Tropics, Arctic and Antarctic as well as some time zones.
- Children learn to identify key aspects of physical geography such as: climate zones, rivers, mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes and the water cycle.
- Children learn to identify key aspects of human geography such as: settlements, land use, economic activity and natural resources.
- Children develop skills to use maps, atlases and digital mapping. They learn to use eight points of a compass, four and six grid map references, symbols and keys. In addition they develop skills in fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present information in a variety of formats.
At Hermitage Primary School we endeavour to plan an enquiry based approach to learning. We believe in using real places, real experiences and real issues to make the Geography 'come alive' wherever possible. For example, children take part in fieldwork using the local environment, local shops in Holmes Chapel, the River Dane Valley project and our own school field, woodland and school grounds. As well as investigating the locality around our school, pupils are able to visit areas in the wider world through class visits, residential trips in the UK and also France.
Wherever possible, Geography is linked to other areas of the curriculum, involving History, Art, Music, D&T, Computing, Maths and English. For example, children might investigate ways of communicating ideas through discussion, explanation, recount and non-chronological report and persuasion in English work. In maths, they may present geographical data using a variety of graphs and charts.
We extend this work into an awareness of ecological issues and the challenges that we will face in the future in dealing with climate change, deforestation and the need for sustainable resources.
Our geography study units can be found on our Geography Curriculum Map using the link below.
We are currently amending our Geography long-term plan following Subject Leader Training and considering closer links to our History curriculum.